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Quantum Computers and Chemical Bonds

From running 8 bit games in the 1990s to performing rigorous data analysis using big data tools today, computing has come a long way. Computers help us at the workplace, serve as our own personal theater for entertainment, and act as a messenger to connect with the world. There’s a lot that classic computing can do. However, there are certain things it may never be able to do, and for those kind of complex challenges, we need the help of quantum computers.

Quantum Computers and Chemistry

Quantum computers are vital in solving challenges related to complex mathematics, medicine, material science, and so much more. The ability of quantum computing machines to scale up as the challenges increases; is what differentiates it from classical computers. Today, scientists are able to simulate molecules and chemical reactions on quantum computers, thereby helping the world visualize complex structures.

Source: https://www.ibm.com/blogs/research/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/7qubit_chip2.png

How is Quantum Computing helping Chemists and Researchers?

The application of quantum computing to quantum chemistry is yielding some phenomenal results. The ability of quantum computers to predict the outcome of complex chemical reactions is helping change the drug and material science game.

Currently, chemists and drug researchers indulge in a lot of trial and error, and the process takes years to display any results. But with the use of quantum computing, scientists can simulate reactions and see the outcome virtually. This is shrinking the timeline for developing new drugs considerably. Earlier, it would take several years in just trying and testing various combinations but today with quantum computing, checking the outcome is a matter of weeks or months.

Source: https://www.sciencedaily.com/images/2018/07/180724110028_1_540x360.jpg

The biggest difference between classical computers and quantum computers is that classical computers run on 0 and 1, or bits, whereas quantum computers work on something known as qubits, which can be 1 or 0 or even both at the same time! This makes it easier for quantum computing machines to do several computations simultaneously.

Recent Quantum Computing developments in Chemistry

Engineering abroad is scaling high standards, especially in corporations like IBM. IBM has been able to successfully measure beryllium hydroxide’s (BH2) lowest energy state. Understanding this was key to getting in-depth insights about other chemical reactions. Such a big particle has never been simulated before and this breakthrough provides belief that several larger molecules can be worked upon too.

By working on larger molecules, scientists can improve their understanding of complex chemical reactions. This can prove to be very beneficial in not only understanding the outcomes of experiments, but also help in development of new materials, drugs, and even newer sources of energy. After all, energy occurs chemically in many parts of the world.

Quantum computing has just taken off and will be in high demand in the near future. If you are going to pursue your B Tech Engineering, it is important to keep a track of companies that are renowned in the field of quantum computing and are hiring for the same. Because eventually, corporations are slated to adopt this in a big way. Slowly, machine learning and AI will also be integrated into quantum computing to make them more powerful.

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