Civil Engineering is one of the oldest pursuits known to mankind, and also one that will help in designing our tomorrow. It’s incredible how a field has held relevance since historic times right up to now and definitely into the future. The construction and engineering world is looking towards smart cities, eco-friendly buildings, and mega-structures built using the leanest of resources. Modern technology like AI and Big Data will play a key role in this field too, and this is where the fresh thinking of new B Tech engineering minds will come into play.
Let us look at some of the exciting future trends that we believe will unravel in the field of civil engineering –
1. Self-Healing Concrete
Almost everyone has experienced inconvenience due to cracks in the ceiling or floor of their homes and offices. It can result in water leakage, the subsequent corrosion of steel, and a lot of mess. Typically, one has to call a repairman or handyman to fix their homes, but what if they didn’t have to?
Civil Engineers and experts in microbiology engineering abroad have invented a special type of concrete made from bacteria. Whenever a structure develops cracks, these bacteria get activated and fill up the gaps! This invention can extend the lives of walls by several tens of years.
Winter is a tough time for home owners. The pipes carrying water to homes freeze and often break, and the windows often cause the heat inside the home to escape, thereby decreasing the temperature and making it difficult for those living inside.
Civil Engineers are working on a NASA patented technology known as warm bridging where aerogel, an open celled material, is used for insulation. This material is known to have the lowest thermal conductivity, and can keep anything and everything protected from the impact of cold. Engineers are finding that it can be used for wide array of applications such as insulating pipes, building structures that are cold proof, and much more.
3. Rise of Nanotechnology
The promise of using materials that are 0.1 to 100 nanometres thin is something that has captivated the imagination of many since a couple of decades now. With the onset of the start-up era, more and more venture capitalists are now investing in start-ups that are looking at the production of carbon fibres and other nanotechnology for construction of buildings. It is an under-explored area, and engineers abroad are investing serious time and energy in the pursuit of developing materials that can help the construction industry.
While these are just some of the developments that are expected to take place in the civil engineering arena, there’s a lot more that civil engineers can expect to work on. Artificial Intelligence (AI) is slated to revolutionize the way structures are built. By taking in big data sets, it will be able to figure out the most ideal structures that require minimal energy to build yet are extremely strong. If you are looking for a career that’s beyond computer and electrical engineering, and if you have a creative bent of mind with an analytical touch, civil engineering may be a worthwhile pursuit!